In Courting Science, Damon Coletta offers a novel explanation for the decline of American leadership in world affairs. Whether the American Century ends sooner rather than later may depend on America’s capacity for self-reflection and, ultimately, self-restraint when it comes to science, technology, and engineering. Democracy’s affinity for advanced technology has to be balanced against scientific research and progress as a global enterprise. In an era of rising challengers to America’s lead in the international order and an increasingly globalized civil society, a “Scientific State” has a better chance of extending its dominance. In order to draw closer to this ideal, though, the United States will have to reconsider its grand strategy. It must have a strategy that scrutinizes how tightly it constrains, how narrowly it directs, and how far it trusts American scientists. If given the opportunity, scientists have the potential to lead a second American Century through domestic science and technology policy, international diplomacy, and transnational networks for global governance.